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With the death of Andrew the Venetian, the last Árpád king of Hungary, the crown of St. Steven also started to capture Wenceslas’ attention. In 1300 Wenceslaus issued the new royal mining code Ius regale montanorum. Onomastico [ modifica | modifica wikitesto ] L' onomastico ricorre il 28 settembre in memoria dicitato san Venceslao , martire [5] [7] [11] . By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. It comes from the scriptorium of the St Vitus Chapter of Prague, from the circle of the donation of Dean Vitus (d. 1271). During his reign, there was great urban development. [2] [edit]Silver in Kutná Hora, In 1298 silver was discovered at Hory Kutné (Kutná Hora, Kuttenberg) in Central Bohemia. born Sept. 17, 1271 died June 21, 1305 King of Bohemia (1278–1305). [8] She died shortly after their 10th child was born: In 1300, he married Elisabeth Richeza (1286–1335), daughter of Przemysł II. His mother's secret husband, Záviš of Falkenštejn ruled for him. Ivan of Güssing was named to represent Wenceslaus III in Hungary. However she was now married to a man who had played a key role in betraying his father ahead of the Battle of Marchfeld five years earlier. In 1285 in Eger (Cheb), he married Judith of Habsburg (1271–1297), daughter of Rudolf I of Germany and his wife Gertrude of Hohenberg. Wenceslas II. In 1276 Rudolf I, King of Romans, placed Ottokar under the ban of the empire and besieged Vienna. He inherited the throne from his father at age seven, but his cousin Otto IV of Brandenburg served as his regent until 1283. On 24 January 1285, Wenceslaus married Judith of Habsburg, daughter of Rudolf I, to whom he had been betrothed since 1276. }); SCHOLA BENEDICTA, directed by JIŘÍ HODINA Wenceslaus was one of the relatives who claimed the throne, and he accepted it from a party of Hungarians on behalf of his young son, betrothed to Andrew's only child, Elizabeth. In 1291, Przemysł II, High Duke of Poland, ceded the sovereign Duchy of Kraków to Wenceslaus. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. This ended up happening in front of Hluboká castle, which was occupied by Záviš’s brother, who didn’t believe it and refused to surrender, so Záviš was beheaded.”. Brother of Henry av Böhmen; Kunegunda czeska Kunhuta Přemyslovna; Agnes von Böhmen Anežka Přemyslovna and Margarita Marketa Wenceslaus took control of the mine by making silver production a royal monopoly, and issued the Prague groschen which became the most popular of the early Groschen-type coins. He built a great empire stretching from the Baltic Sea to the Danube river and established numerous cities, such as Plzeň in 1295. ; Polish : Wacław II Czeski; September 27 , 1271 – June 21, 1305 ) was King of Bohemia (1278 - 1305), Duke of Cracow (1291 - 1305) and King of Poland (1300 - 1305). At that time the Kingdom of Hungary was split into several de facto principalities, and young Wenceslaus was only accepted as the King of Hungary by the rulers in Upper Hungary (Matthew III Csák), in modern day Burgenland (the Güssings [Kőszegis]) and on territory around the capital, Buda. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this. Succeeding to the throne at the age of seven on the death of his father, Přemysl Otakar II, in 1278, Wenceslas lived at the court of his cousin Otto IV of Brandenburg who served as regent for Wenceslas until 1283. He was born in 1271, ten years after the marriage of his parents. “He himself tried to compose poetry. Consequently, the young Wenceslaus, in Ofen (Buda), became afraid and wrote to his father in Prague for help. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. He was the only son of King Ottokar II "the Great" of Bohemia and Ottokar's second wife Kunigunda. Before Wenceslaus became of age, the government was handled by Otto IV Margrave of Brandenburg, who is said to have held Wenceslaus captive in several locations. Figuratively the words of the conductus ‘Baculi sollempnia’ 2 are about the Holy Father’s new-born Son and also the restored sovereignty of the Kingdom of Bohemia. url: 'arta/templates/default/js/soundmanager/swf/' He won for his family three royal crowns (Bohemia, Hungary and Poland). Its pinnacle was reached during the reign of Wenceslas II., during the turn of the 13th and 14th centuries. Once he reached adulthood however, Wenceslas did deal with the south Bohemian upstart. Po Přemyslově smrti v bitvě na Moravském poli roku 1278 se poručníkem sedmiletého Václava stal Ota V. Braniborský, a ten se pro uchování kontroly nad situací v zemi rozhodl odvézt chlapce do Braniborska. Teprve dvanáctiletý Václav se konečně ujal vlády, hlavní roli však hrál nový partner Václavovy matky Záviš z Falkenštejna.    more photos. He was also pious and loved church liturgy.”. This page was last edited on 26 April 2020, at 00:44.

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