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Dedicated to advancing the dialogue between faith and reason, Catholic University seeks to discover and impart the truth through excellence in teaching and research. Semitic languages, languages that form a branch of the Afro-Asiatic language phylum. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Many of the numerous languages of Ethiopia are Semitic, including Amharic (with some 17 million speakers) and, in the north, Tigrinya (some 5.8 million speakers) and Tigré (more than 1 million speakers). The Central Semitic languages are a proposed intermediate group of Semitic languages, comprising the Late Iron Age, modern dialect of Arabic (prior to which Arabic was a Southern Semitic language), and older Bronze Age Northwest Semitic languages (which include Aramaic, Ugaritic, and the Canaanite languages of Hebrew and Phoenician). Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The Semitic languages, previously also named Syro-Arabian languages, are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family originating in the Middle East [2] that are spoken by more than 330 million people across much of Western Asia, North Africa and the Horn of Africa, [3] as well as in often large immigrant and expatriate communities in North America, Europe and Australasia. This category has the following 3 subcategories, out of 3 total. Today, many Semitic languages are extinct but Arabic has become a world language, Hebrew after ceasing to be spoken was revived in modern times and is now the language of Israel, and some Ethiopic languages, like Amharic and Tigre, are thriving. Members of the Semitic group are spread throughout North Africa and Southwest Asia and have played preeminent roles in the linguistic and cultural landscape of the Middle East for more than 4,000 years. Members of the Semitic language family are employed as official administrative languages in a number of states throughout the Middle East and the adjacent areas. The Semitic languages, previously also named Syro-Arabian languages, are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family originating in the Middle East[2] that are spoken by more than 330 million people across much of Western Asia, North Africa and the Horn of Africa,[3] as well as in often large immigr More information... People also love these ideas Pinterest. In Ethiopia and Eritrea there are approximately eighty languages spoken by nearly 100 million people, the majority of which belong to three families of the Afro-asiatic phylum, namely, Semitic in the center, north and west, Cushitic in the east and south and Omotic in the southwest. 3 languages. The term came to include Arabs, Akkadians, Canaanites, Hebrews, some Ethiopians, and Aramaean tribes. May 2020. The Department of Semitic and Egyptian Languages and Literatures at Catholic University provides students with graduate level training in Ancient Near East and Christian Near East studies. Abraham was an Akkadian speaker, and Jesus’s native tongue was Aramaic. Early in the 1st millennium bce, documents in the Aramaic languages appeared. M.A. Semitic Languages Map: Semitic Languages Map. imperfect.) Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Popular Quizzes Today. And as each snowflake is different, so is each language family. Some of the oldest attested languages in the world, from the oldest civilizations, are in the family of the Afroasiatic languages. Amharic (also known as Amarinya, Amarigna) is a Semitic language spoken in Ethiopia. The tablet is from Anatolia (now in Turkey) from the 20th or 19th century, Sefardic script, from the Tanakh, before 1331, Kūfic script, leaf from a Qurʾān, 8th–9th century. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Inscriptions using the Phoenician alphabet (from which the modern European alphabets were ultimately to descend) appeared throughout the Mediterranean area as Phoenician commerce flourished; Punic, the form of the Phoenician language used in the important North African colony of Carthage, remained in use until the 3rd century ce. By the early 2nd millennium bce, Akkadian dialects in Babylonia and Assyria had acquired the cuneiform writing system used by the Sumerians, causing Akkadian to become the chief language of Mesopotamia. Contributed by Elie Wardini al@mashriq. Much clearer is the map of Ethio-Semitic (on p. 1123), based in part on the Ethnologue. Semitic languages - Wikipedia. As a result of the revival of Hebrew in the 19th century and the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, some 6 to 7 million individuals now speak Modern Hebrew. Then they began to spread south to territories below the equator line. Other Semitic languages designated as official are Hebrew in Israel (where Arabic also enjoys special status) and Maltese in Malta (with English). M.A. Semitic Languages Bible Mapping Cradle Of Civilization Ancient Near East Learn Hebrew Arabic Language Old Maps Historical Maps Sons.

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